References must be listed in IEEE style only. All references should be numbered sequentially [in square brackets] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.
The references should be relevant to the study and should refer to the original research sources. Self-citation and self-interest should be avoided by the authors, editors and peer-reviewers.
The author will be responsible for the accuracy and completeness of the references.
See below few examples of references listed in the correct IEEE style:
-  G. Liu, K. Y. Lee, and H. F. Jordan, "TDM and TWDM de Bruijn networks and shufflenets for optical communications", IEEE Trans. Comp., vol. 46, pp. 695-701, June 1997.
-  S. M. Hemmingsen, Soft Science. University of Saskatchewan Press: Saskatoon, 1997.
-  A. Rezi, and M. Allam, "Techniques in Array Processing by Means of Transformations," In: Control and Dynamic Systems, Vol. 69, Multidimensional Systems, C. T. Leondes, Ed. Academic Press: San Diego, 1995, pp. 133-180.
-  D. Sarunyagate, Ed., Lasers. McGraw-Hill: New York, 1996.
-  N. Osifchin, and G. Vau, Power considerations for the modernization of telecommunications in Central and Eastern European and former Soviet Union (CCE/FSU) countries, Second International Telecommunication Energy Special Conference Special Conference, 1997, pp. 9-16.
-  K. Kimura and A. Lipeles, "Fuzzy Controller Component," U. S. Patent 14,860,040, December 14, 1996.
-  H. Zhang, "Delay-insensitive Networks", M.S. thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada, 1997.
-  L. Bass, P. Clements, and R. Kazman. Software Architecture in Practice, 2nd ed. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 2003. [E book] Available: Safari e-book.
-  P. H. C. Eilers, and J. J. Goeman, "Enhancing scatterplots with smoothed densities", Bioinformatics, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 623-628, March 2004. [Online] Available: http://www.oxfordjournals.org [Accessed Sept. 18, 2004].
-  Citations for articles/material published exclusively online or in open access (free-to-view) , must contain the exact Web addresses (URLs) at the end of the reference(s), except those posted on an author’s Web site unless editorially essential, e.g. ‘Reference: Available from: URL’.
Some important points to remember:
- All references must be complete and accurate.
- Online citations should include the date of access.
- Journal titles should conform to the IEEE Transactions, Journals and Letters abbreviations.
- If the number of authors exceeds six then et al will be used after three names (the term “et al.” should be in italics)
- Take special care of the punctuation convention as described in the above-mentioned examples.
- Avoid using superscript in the in-text citations and reference section.
- Abstracts, unpublished data and personal communications (which can only be included if prior permission has been obtained) should not be given in the reference section but they may be mentioned in the text and details provided as footnotes.
- The authors are encouraged to use a recent version of EndNote (version 5 and above) or Reference Manager (version 10) when formatting their reference list, as this allows references to be automatically extracted.