Binary Logistic Model for Estimation of Mode Shift into Delhi Metro

Vineet Chauhan, Hemant K. Suman*, Nomesh B. Bolia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India

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Creative Commons License
© Chauhan et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial 4.0 International Public License (CC BY-NC 4.0) (, which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, India – 110016; Tel: +91-844-763-2535; E-mail:


This paper aims to study the public transport mode choice behaviour of commuters in Delhi so that appropriate strategies to incentivize the use of public transport can be developed. We examine the efficacy of a multivariate statistical modelling approach to predict the probability of non-metro commuters to shift to the Delhi metro. We also analyse the reasons for this shift from private motor vehicles (PMVs) and buses. Data is collected through a survey of the metro commuters over various metro lines. A binomial logistic regression model is formulated to predict whether existing metro users have shifted from buses or are new additions to public transport shifting from PMVs. The model is validated well through several methods. The model analysis reveals that 57% of the metro users have shifted from buses and 28.8% from PMVs. The shift is more amongst females than males.

Keywords: Delhi metro, Logistic regression, ROC curve, Revealed preference survey.