RESEARCH ARTICLE


Travel Cost: Not Always the Most Important Element of Social Exclusion



Francesca Pagliara1, *, Veronica De Pompeis2, Preston John3
1 Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
2 IBM, Client Innovation Center, Bergamo, Italy
3 Transportation Research Group, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK


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© 2017 Pagliara et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy; Tel: 0039 081 7683932; E-mail: fpagliar@unina.it


Abstract

Introduction:

Very few authors in the literature have dealt with the issue of social exclusion related to HSR systems.

Methods:

A Revealed Preference survey has been delivered to English users of transport systems for long distances journeys in order to investigate their perception of HSR-related social exclusion.

Results:

The main result of the survey is that a relationship between social exclusion and HSR in England is evident, especially in terms of economic and geographical exclusion.

Keywords: Social exclusion, High speed rail, Revealed preference survey, Economic exclusion, Geographical exclusion, High speed one.