Analyzing Commuters’ Behavior on Egress Trip from Railway Stations in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Muhammad Zudhy Irawan*, 1, Monika Kristyana Putri1, Prawira Fajarinda Belgiawan2, Reslyana Dwitasari3
1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Institute for Transport Planning and Systems (IVT), ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
3 Research and Development Agency of Ministry of Transportation, Jakarta, Indonesia

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© 2017 Irawan et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gadjah Mada University, Jl. Grafika No. 2 Kampus UGM Bulaksumur Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia; Tel: 62 274 545675; Fax: 62 274 545676; Emails:;



Prambanan Ekspres Railway is known as one of the commuting modes in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Sufficient egress modes do not support this railway. Due to lack of urban mass transit facilities, the commuters independently utilize a reliable mode for their mobility, for instance by owning a motorcycle and using overnight parking service facility in their non-home-station.


This paper aims to understand the commuters’ behavior on their egress trip when they decide to use the train as their main mode.


A direct interview survey on the train was conducted during peak hours from Monday to Friday. By implementing stated preference survey, a logit model was used to analyze mode choice decision from the railway station to activity end destination.


The results indicate that walking distance to the parking area and bus-waiting time have a more significant impact compared to the walking distance to bus stop and in-bus travel time. Furthermore, the high cost of overnight parking also significantly influences the decision of choosing an egress mode. Otherwise, egress trip cost has less significance to encourage commuters’ to shift to bus mode.

Keywords: Train passengers, Egress trip, Mode choice, Sensitivity, Captive users, Stated preference.