Uzbekistan’s Development under the Leadership of Various Political Reforms: The Case of Air Transport Industry

Sarvar Khalikov1, *, Wei Liu1, Madina Turaeva2, Liliya Achilova3
1 College of Transport and Communications, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, P.R. China
2 Center for Post-Soviet Research, Institute of Economics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
3 Department of Business Law, Tashkent State University of Law, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

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© 2021 Khalikov et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at College of Transport and Communications, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai, P.R. China;


The First President of Uzbekistan, Islam Karimov, continued to isolate the country for many years even after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, which in turn worsened all the strategic sectors in the country, especially the aviation market and tourism industries. However, in the period 2017-2018, the skyrocket in the number of tourists, from 2.69 million to 5.34 million, became possible due to the coming of Shavkat Mirziyoyev to power as the new President. But the lack of air connectivity kept reducing aspiration of traveling from non-CIS countries. To solve the issue, the new President Mirziyoyev’s large-scale policy reforms concerned the air transport sector, too. The main objective of the study is to compare the development of the country under the leadership of various political reforms using the aviation industry of Uzbekistan as an example. To achieve the purposes, the authors examine reciprocal action/influence between airlines, airports and government. In addition, a significant amount of data was collected from Russian-language sources to enrich the content. Even though the paper was written before the COVID-19 pandemic, the authors' research is still important to nudge readers into a new perspective.

Keywords: Transport policy, Tourism policy, Policy reforms, Uzbekistan airways, Uzbekistan airports, Airlines.