The Role of Transport in Reverse Distribution Chains



Mohd. R. Shaharudin1, *
1 Smart Manufacturing Research Institute (SMRI), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam Selangor, Malaysia


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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Mohd. R. Shaharudin

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at Smart Manufacturing Research Institute (SMRI), Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam Selangor, Malaysia; E-mail: rizaimy@uitm.edu.my


Abstract

Reverse distribution operations have become significant to the manufacturers in supporting the firms to achieve the circularity of products in the reverse flow chains. There are four main components of the reverse distribution chains; inbound and outbound transportation, collection of returns, centralised returns centres, and recovery process. Transport is essential by reducing the lead time and transportation cost of the used and the recovered products. Therefore, it is pertinent that the manufacturers continue endeavouring for the sustainable transportation process in each of the components to ensure the success of the reverse distribution chains.