RESEARCH ARTICLE


A Simulation Model to Determine the Capacity of a Y-Type Waterway Intersection for a Real Seaport



Basma Refaat Habeeb*, Zijian Guo, Xiangqun Song
State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Faculty of Infrastructure Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China


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© 2018 Habeeb et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Faculty of Infrastructure Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China, Tel: 008613699148957; Fax: 86-0411-84707174; E-mails: basma_habeeb_en@yahoo.com; basmahabeeb17@gmail.com


Abstract

Introduction:

In this paper, Arena software has been used to simulate a complex system, which contains traffic rules, a tidal window, weather conditions and different fleet types.

Methods:

We have determined the capacity of a Y-type waterway intersection with a sailing speed of 10 knots for the Panjin seaport in China. Moreover, we chose a sailing speed of 11 knots, which gives a safe squat value at high tide level whose cumulative frequency for channel accessibility is larger than or equal to 80%.

Results:

The results show that the capacity of the waterway reduced with a sailing speed of 11 knots, because of waiting for a long time to meet a high tide level.

Keywords: Waterway capacity, Y-type intersection, Squat, Arena simulation, Seaport, Port service level.