REVIEW ARTICLE


A Review of Traffic Accidents and Related Practices Worldwide



Ali Ahmed Mohammed1, 2, 3, *, Kamarudin Ambak1, 2, Ahmed Mancy Mosa4, Deprizon Syamsunur5
1 Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia
2 Smart Driving Research Center (SDRC), University Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
3 Department of Civil Engineering, Al-Mansour University College, Baghdad, Iraq
4 Department of Transport & Environment, Alexander Schober, Quotas GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
5 Department of Civil Engineering, UCSI University, Jalan Menara Gading 1, Taman Connaught-56000 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur


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Creative Commons License
© 2019 Mohammed et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia; Tel: +6074564379; E-mail: hf160001@siswa.uthm.edu.my


Abstract

A traffic accident, a traffic collision or crash occurs when a vehicle collides with another vehicle, pedestrian, animal, road barrier, or any stationary obstruction such as a tree or a utility pole. Traffic collisions may result in injury, death, vehicle damage and possession damage. Motor vehicle collisions cause death and disability as well as financial burden. Traffic accidents cause many losses especially of human life, property damages, and loss of resources. Indeed, even in strife influenced countries such as Afghanistan, Libya, Pakistan, and Yemen, road traffic accidents remain the most common cause of fatal injuries, causing between two and eight times more fatalities than war and lawful mediation. The World Health Organization (WHO) 2013 assessed the traffic casualty rate in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) to be the second most elevated rate universally after the African Region and extending a few other countries in the region. The aim of this paper was to enrich the global highway safety knowledge by revealing the catastrophic impact of traffic accidents on the economy of the societies and the safety of the common worldwide.

Keywords: Traffic accidents worldwide, Types of accidents, Crash prediction models, EMR, WHO, Traffic collision.