RESEARCH ARTICLE


Adaptive Frame of Universal Vehicle Course



A. Asemkhanuly1, *, Zh. Niyazova1, A. Karpov1, R. Ustemirova1, A. Kainarbekov1
1 Kazakh University of Railways and Communications, Almaty, Kazakhstan


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Creative Commons License
© 2020 Asemkhanuly et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Kazakh University of Railways and Communications, Almaty, Kazakhstan; E-mail: asylkhanasemkhanuly@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Motor vehicles play an important role in the economies of many countries, providing efficient means of transporting goods and people. These vehicles can also have significant impacts on safety, infrastructure and the environment.

Methods:

The design of the suspension affects the vehicle's performance, in terms of the drive, damage to infrastructure, the working space of the suspension, power, and stability against overturning, stability against yaw, braking, and traction.

Results:

The article considers the types and methods of application of adaptive suspensions of modern vehicles, justifies the feasibility of their use for various vehicles, such as modern cars, tractors, etc., which allows the usage of these vehicles for traffic in different road conditions - mountainous terrains with a slope of more than 35o, steppe off-road conditions with frontal obstacles up to half the length of the wheel radius.

Conclusion:

The existing control schemes and prospects for their further development can be improved and intelligent transport systems could be introduced.

Keywords: Adaptive frame, Universal vehicle, Suspension, Suspension design, Road vehicles, Wheel radius.